Movement Disorders

The area of movement disorders includes problems such as Tremor, Parkinson's Disease, Parkinsonian Syndromes, Dystonia (including Torticollis, Spasmodic Dysphonia and Blepharospasm), Restless Leg Syndrome, Tic and Tourette Syndrome, Chorea, Spasticity, Tardive Dyskinesia and Myoclonus.

An involuntary quivering movement.


Characterized by persistent or intermittent muscle contractions causing abnormal, often repetitive, movements, postures, or both.




Causes the progressive breakdown of nerve cells in the brain engendering chorea and progressive dementia.

Huntington's Disease

A neurodegenerative disorder that affects predominately dopaminergic neurons.

Parkinson's Disease



Beginning in childhood or adolescence, this syndrome is characterized by motor and/or vocal tics.

Tic and Tourette Syndrome

Characterized by involuntary movements of the face and jaw.

Tardive Dyskinesia




The muscles that generate a person's voice go into periods of spasms resulting in breaks or interruptions in the voice.

Spasmodic Dysphonia

Causes involuntary and unpredictable body movements.




Characterized by tremor, bradykinesia, rigidity, and postural instability.

Parkinsonian Syndromes

Causes an urge to move the legs.

Restless Leg Syndrome



Refers to quick and involuntary muscle jerk.